In 1986, Harvard University Press published a volume of scientific talks in Defining biology: Lectures from the 1890s, edited by Jane Maienschein. The book’s summary describes the great advances made in science of the time, as discussed in lectures.
Continued from previous page: “These Evening Lectures stimulated major biological revolutions: the conversion of embryology to an independent discipline; the beginnings of ethology; the rise of genetics and especially cytogenetics; and the application of chemistry and physics to cell function-the birth of what is now called cell biology. Some of the central problems that scientists still puzzle over were first proposed at Woods Hole. Not only are these lectures important scientific accomplishments, they also provide an invaluable record of the beginnings of a truly American school of biology.”