Science enables us to develop new ideas and clarify existing ones, but it’s also an imperfect line of inquiry and based only on what we know now. The idea that new knowledge is often predicated on older knowledge suggests that scientific progress is only as good as the theories and building blocks that support it. This understanding has led John Bockman to wonder, “What scientific idea is ready for retirement?”
From Nobel laureates to actors and linguists, more than 175 of the world’s eminent thinkers and experts answer Bockman’s question. Read some of the broken theories here.